Familial HypoKPP Symptoms began at age of 13 years with three paralytic episodes of 48-72 hour duration.
Are your symptoms worse with your menses? No
Pregnancy No 1: Age 20
Diagnosed at time of this pregnancy: Yes
Episodes consisted of minor weakness and fatigue once or twice a month. No medications during pregnancy. Maintained normal activity. Uncomplicated labour with forceps delivery of 7 lb. healthy male child three weeks short of due date.
There is little available medical literature to guide the physician in the care of the pregnant patient who has periodic paralysis. The first part of this packet consists of abstracts and quotations drawn from current literature. But this information is limited. Because Periodic Paralysis International has a number of clients who have given birth we felt it might be helpful to survey them about their experiences. The second, third and forth parts of this packet consists of case studies of women with periodic paralysis who have given birth.
Myoclonus is the sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles. Myoclonic jerks may occur alone or in sequence, in a pattern or without pattern. They may occur infrequently or many times each minute. Myoclonus sometimes occurs in response to an external event or when a person attempts to move. The twitching cannot be controlled by the person experiencing it.
Paramyotonia Congenita (PMC) is one of the periodic paralyses caused by mutations in the sodium channel. PMC causes muscle stiffness (myotonia) which is made worse by chilling or activity. Myotonia usually eases when the patients moves about, or "warms up" through physical activity. In PMC myotonia develops during activity, which is paradoxical or self-contradictory. This is where Paramyotonia Congenita gets its name, from the paradoxical nature of the myotonia.
Originally published in Lifeline; Newsletter of The California Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians Christopher Fee, MD and Susan B. Promes, MD FACEP Alameda County California Medical Center, Highland General Hospital
Pain is an often overlooked component of the periodic paralyses. Patients who report muscle pain in association with their episodes are too often told that the periodic paralyses are not painful despite many authoritative reports to the contrary. In fact the pain which accompanies the periodic paralyses is described in some of the literature as prominent or constant.
What happens during an attack of Periodic Paralysis?
People with Periodic Paralysis (PP) have episodes in which their muscles become weak or paralyzed in response to variations in the amount of potassium in their blood. These variations occur during sleep, they may result from food the person has eaten, from a sudden change in a person's activity level, from rest after activity, emotional stress, from becoming chilled, or a number of other factors. Potassium levels vary all the time.
The information on this site is based on current medical knowledge but should never at any time be substituted for the advice and care of a properly qualified medical consultant. For medical advice seek the services of a physician.